Chieftan Arpad arrives to Pannonia (Hungary)
The Hungarian riders, after terrorizing Western Europe for decades, are defeated at the Battle of Lechfeld. Prince Géza, the Magyar leader, subsequently allies himself to West.
St. Stephen King
The reign of Béla III is an orderly, prosperous period in Hungary's history. His scribe, known as Anonymous, writes Gesta Ungarorum, the earliest surviving chronicle of Hungary.
Under the rule of András II, favoritism flourishes and the dispossessed nobles rebel. He is forced to sign the "Golden Bull", a charter guaranteeing the rights of nobles and fixing the relationship between aristocracy and king.
Mongols invade and defeat the Hungarians at Muhi. King Béla IV evades capture and the Mongols are built at this time in anticipation of another attack.
András III, the last of the Árpád kings, dies.
The barons elect Charles-Robert of Anjou king of Hungary. A shrewd leader, Charles-Robert (Carobert) restores order and consolidates the realm.
His successor, Lajos, adopts a policy of conquest, acquiring enough territory to form one of the largest realms in Europe. By his death, the Turks are advancing into the Balkans.
János Hunyadi, the national hero of Hungary, defeats the Turks at the siege of Nándorfehérvár (Belgrad), keeping them out of Hungary for 70 years.
Peasant revolt is brutally crushed and feudal servitude in perpetuity is written into law.History of Hungary
The Hungarian army under Lajos II is crushed by the Turks at the battle of Mohacs.
Battle of Mohacs
Buda is taken by the Turks. Hungary is divided into three: Royal Hungary, Turkish Hungary and Transylvania. For the next 150 years there is almost continual conflict between Turks, Habsburgs and Hungarians.
Suleyman's Empire in 16th century
István Báthory becomes governor of Transylvania, giving the region the status of European power.
Hungary is freed from the Turks by the Habsburg commander Eugene of Savoy.
Ferenc Rákóczi II
Joseph II, a child of the Enlightenment, attempts to modernize Hungary, abolishing selfdom and dissolving all-powerful religious orders. German is made the official language of the Empire.
The French revolution. Despite revolutionary fervor throughout Europe, the majority of Hungarians remain loyal to Austria.
Resurgence of Hungarian nationalism.
Sándor Petõfi - The National Song (Music by Illés)
Count Széchenyi begins modernizing Hungary's infrastructure, forming the Danube Steamship Company and Merchant (Kereskedelmi) Bank (1841).
The revolution against Austrian supremacy headed by the lawyer Lajos Kossuth ends in failure.
6 October 1849
Revolutionary leaders executed. It remains a day of national mourning in Hungary.
The 13 Martyrs of Arad
The Great Compromise with Austria creates the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy.
Pest, Buda and Óbuda are united, and Budapest is declared the capital.
Hungarian Social Democratic Party is created.
World War I marks the end of the Dual Monarchy.
Count Károlys's Hungarian Democratic Republic fails in the wake of neighboring states' seizure of Hungarian territory. Béla Kun heads the communist Hungarian Soviet.
Béla Kun flees to Austria, unable to cope with foreign intervention and peasant unrest.
Hungary's first free elections are held; Admiral Horty is appointed regent.
The Treaty of Trianon reduces Hungary's territory by two-thirds.
Hungary after Trianon decision
1938 and 1940
Hitler offers to hand back Slovakia and Transylvania in return for Hungarian cooperation.
The Nazis are given a free hand in Hungary. On 15 October the Hungarian pro-Nazi Arrow Cross Party takes power under Ferenc Szálasi. Several hundred thousand Jews are sent to concentration camps.
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The Red Army occupies the country.
The monarchy is abolished and Hungary is declared a republic by the new communist government. The pengõ sets a world record of devaluation.
József Cardinal Mindszenty
The Soviets take power; the Party is purged of Western influence in show trials. Opponents of the communist regime are sent to labor camps.
Revolution against the Soviet Union and communist rule is crushed. Hundreds of Hungarians are executed and thousands more flee the country. János Kádár becomes premier of a new communist state.
The New Economic Mechanism allows a limited free market to develop.
Hungary attempts to increase its contact with non-communist countries. Relations with the Catholic Church improve.
Hungary is admitted to the International Monetary Fund, and receives loans from the World Bank.
Hungary opens the Iron Curtain and allows thousands of East European refugees to leave.
The opening of the iron curtain
Free elections are won by the Conservative Democratic Forum.
The transition to a market economy sees inflation soar and unemployment increase sharply.
Government reaches agreement with Jewish groups on the restoration of assets seized during World War II.
The World Fair is held in Budapest.
Federation of Young Democrats-Hungarian Civic Party (Fidesz-MPP), Independent Smallholders' Party (FKGP) and the Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF) form a coalition government.
Hungary, along with Checz Republic and Poland, joins Natio.
Ferenc Mádl is elected president.
Hungary joins the European Union.
László Sólyom becomes president.
2008 - 2009
Economy creases heavily impacted Hungarian economy. New Prime Minister Gordon Bajnai replacing resigned Ferenc Gyurcsány.
FIDESZ (Hungarian Civic Union) won the election and get 2/3 of the votes. Viktor Orban is elected as Prime Minister 2nd time.
Pál Schmitt becomes president.